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Goal #4Child Health
Introduction

One of the darkest characteristics of poverty is that is seems to prey on the vulnerable and defenceless. In low-income countries, one out of every 10 children dies before the age of five. In wealthier nations, this number is only one out of 143.

The Targets

Goal 4 of the Millennium Development Goals sets out by the year 2015 to:

  • Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five.
Did You Know?
  • In our world today nearly 11 million children under the age of 5 die in the world every year – well over 1,200 every hour most from easly preventable or treatable causes. (Source:Why do the Millennium Development Goals matter? Brochure)
Achieving the Goals

With the help of donor aid and UN organizations, the Eritrean government commenced an aggressive approach to reducing child mortality increasing the number of children vaccinated from 9.6% in 1991 to 76% in 2002.

The Eritrean government used the method of Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI), a holistic way of looking at the life of infants and young children. Over 500 additional health workers were trained in IMCI methods to both prevent and cure diseases, focusing on the well-being of the entire child. In addition, they launched an aggressive vaccination campaign.

Even with this rapid progress, the government is not content. “We need to work very hard to reduce it even more,” said Zemui Alemu, director of the Family and Community Health Division at the Eritrean Ministry of Health.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Goal News

UNITED NATIONS, Oct 16 (IPS) – In this 21st century, when medical science and gender empowerment are rising progressively, “no woman should die giving life”, declares Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, executive director of the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA).

“It is unacceptable that one woman dies every minute during pregnancy and childbirth when proven interventions exist,” she adds. “Millions of lives are at stake, and we must act now.”


Bangkok (United Nations Information Services Bangkok) – The Asia-Pacific region as a whole is forging ahead on many of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but there is uneven progress between and within countries, with many countries falling behind Sub-Saharan Africa or Latin America in certain areas, says a new report released today.


Oxfam launched a global call for “Health and Education For All” in New Delhi, calling for investment for six million (60 lakh) more teachers, nurses and doctors around the world. Oxfam is urging developing country governments to allocate an increased proportion of their annual budgets into providing these essential services, and demanding that rich countries support poorer nations with an increased and long-term aid commitment targeting the health and education sectors.


Posted in

3 September 2007 – Child deaths worldwide have reached a record low, falling below 10 million per year for the first time to 9.7 million, down from almost 13 million in 1990, according to new figures released today by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), thanks mainly to campaigns to combat measles and malaria and promote exclusive breast-feeding.


British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and German Chancellor Angela Merkel today announced an International Health Partnership designed to help achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The Partnership will include major donor countries, including Britain and Germany, and key international agencies such as the World Bank and the World Health Organisation (WHO) to accelerate MDGs 4, 5 and 6: reduce child mortality, improve maternal health and combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases.