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Goal #3Gender Equity
Introduction

Poverty has a woman's face. Global prosperity and peace will only be achieved once all the world's people are empowered to order their own lives and provide for themselves and their families. Societies where women are more equal stand a much greater chance of achieving the Millennium Goals by 2015. Every single Goal is directly related to women's rights, and societies were women are not afforded equal rights as men can never achieve development in a sustainable manner.

The Targets

Goal 3 of the Millennium Development Goals sets out by the year 2015 to:

  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
Did You Know?
  • Of the 1.3 billion people living in poverty around the world, 70% are women. (Source: World Revolution)
  • Women do about 66% of the world's work in return for less than 5% of its income. (Source: Women's International Network)
  • In the least developed countries nearly twice as many women over age 15 are illiterate compared to men. (Source: UNFPA)
  • Two-thirds of children denied primary education are girls, and 75% of the world’s 876 million illiterate adults are women. (Source: AskWoman)
  • Women work two-thirds of the world's working hours, produce half of the world's food, and yet earn only 10% of the world's income and own less than 1% of the world's property. (Source :World Development Indicators, 1997, Womankind Worldwide)
Achieving the Goals

In 2005, Mozambique signed a new law that gave women equal rights as members of a household. Women finally received the legal right to divorce, create pre-nuptial agreements and inherit property.

The Family Law legally redefined the status of women and overhauled marriage laws.

The law also limited marriage to women of 18 years of age and older. Men were now no longer the defacto head of household, and women are able to work outside the home without acquiring permission and can buy and manage financial assets. Members of the Family Law coalition are now teaching leaders how to practice the new laws in ways that will not undermine traditional views of the family.

Read the full story from Oxfam

Goal News

PIGA DEBE” in Kiswahili means “make a big noise,” and draws its inspiration from millions of women’s voices in Africa who say “enough is enough. Women should not die while giving life.” Translated into Luganda, the campaign is referred to as “Gwanga mujje.”


“The Danish Government has decided to take an international lead on MDG3. We want to make sure there is a stronger focus on gender and the empowerment of women all over the world because the world will not reach the Millennium Development Goals without putting a strong focus on women,” says Ulla Tørnæs, the Danish Minister for Development Cooperation.

The basic premise is that increased investment in women provides support to economic growth and poverty reduction.


According to the draft Health Service Development Plan (HSDP) joint UNDP and Ministry of Heath report of 2005, the per capita health service expenditure of Ethiopia is rated at 5.9 US dollars, the least among a list of other developing countries such as Kenya (31 USD), Uganda(18 USD), and Tanzania(8 USD). The report also indicated that in order to meet MDGs Ethiopia needs to increase the health service expenditure to 34 USD.


The Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) is mobilising worldwide on International Women’s Day to call for gender equality to end poverty. With women representing 70% of the worlds poor, the issue of gender equality in the fight to end poverty has been carried by campaigners to the doors of governments and multilateral instiutions by GCAP coalitions since 2005.


Titled, “Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda,” the 89-page report highlighted the systematic disadvantages faced by girls and women in developing countries in areas ranging from health, education, and nutrition to workforce participation and the burden of household tasks.

Countries that do not address these significant disparities risk perpetuating a “cycle of poverty” within their populations, the report said — yet by investing in women and girls, countries can reap significant benefits in the spheres of political and economic development.