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Goal #2Universal Education
Introduction

Every human being should have the opportunity to make a better life for themselves. Unfortunately, too many children in the world today grow up without this chance, because they are denied their basic right to even attend primary school. A sustainable end to world poverty as we know it, as well as the path to peace and security, require that citizens in every country are empowered to make positive choices and provide for themselves and their families.

The Targets

Goal 2 of the Millennium Development Goals sets out by the year 2015 to:

  • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling
Did You Know?
  • One in four adults in the developing world – 872 million people – is illiterate. (Oxfam UK – Education Now Campaign)
  • More than 100 million children remain out of school. (Source:UNFPA)
  • 46% of girls in the world's poorest countries have no access to primary education. (Source:ActionAid)
  • More than 1 in 4 adults cannot read or write: 2/3 are women. (Source:ActionAid)
  • Universal primary education would cost $10 billion a year – that's half what Americans spend on ice cream. (Source:ActionAid)
  • Young people who have completed primary education are less than half as likely to contract HIV as those missing an education. Universal primary education would prevent 700,000 cases of HIV each year – about 30% all new infections in this age group. (Source:Oxfam)
Achieving the Goals

With the help of donor funds and debt relief, in 2002 Tanzania was able to make primary education free for all Tanzanian children. Almost overnight, an estimated 1.6 million children enrolled in school and by 2003, 3.1 million additional children were attending primary education.

Students like Winifred Kiyabo were finally able to attend schools and create a future for themselves, “When I was nine my father died, that’s when my problems started. My mother didn’t have any money to pay for my school fees, and the teachers used to send me home from school. But now I’m happy… school fees have been abolished, and no one is stopping me coming to school.” Uganda, Malawi, Kenya, and Zambia all have been able to eliminate school fees providing the next generation with the knowledge to succeed in life.

Read More at Oxfam

Goal News

Oxfam launched a global call for “Health and Education For All” in New Delhi, calling for investment for six million (60 lakh) more teachers, nurses and doctors around the world. Oxfam is urging developing country governments to allocate an increased proportion of their annual budgets into providing these essential services, and demanding that rich countries support poorer nations with an increased and long-term aid commitment targeting the health and education sectors.


In Bangladesh, International Youth Day (IYD) was celebrated with three major events that took huge hues and cries amongst the mass population of the country.